The most important abiotic factor in Glacier Bay National Park is water. There is also strong winds, rainfall, short summer days, long and cold winters, soil, and a permafrost layer.
A biotic factor would be low shrubs such as, Spruce and Hemlock. Another biotic factor would be birds like, a Harlequin Duck, Bald Eagle, and Black Oystercatcher. There are also carnivores like, a Grizzle Bear, Killer Whale, and a Red Fox.They have fish such as, Salmon and Cod, and insects like the Spruce Spark Beetle.